The article is drawn from interviews and a questionnaire survey conducted on lower secondary school pupils, their teachers, parents and librarians and from analysis of student essays on reading. It attempts to answer a few pivotal questions: What kind of attitudes are reported by lowe secondary school pupils to compulsory and non-compulsory literature, and what conditions those attitudes? What are the differences between the reading attitudes of boys and girls? What is the role of the internet in developing readership? What information useful for teachers to motivate pupils to read literature can be found in the students’ essays on perception of reading? Results point to the opportunity for a break-through for Polish language teachers to attract young people, particularly boys, to reading, by looking for new approaches to motivation which respect the needs and pragmatism of their generation and their familiarity with interaction.