Subject and Keywords:
The attitudes towards history scale (Malicki et al., 2016) was developed according to Szpociński’s (2006) „memory of the past” typology and based on three dimensions of historical experience. The nine theoretically predicted types of attitude towards history could not be confirmed empirically. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) yielded four dimensions, which were confirmed in their definition using other, well described tools for measuring different dimensions of collective memory. In place of a nine dimensional scale, a four dimensional „social memory” scale was proposed for attitudes on: family history; local history; and history as a school subject or history classes; together with collective shame (collective attitude to own group members transgressing national cohesion norms). In the next step, the relationships were investigated between students (N = 3744) and gender, NUTS population size, school grades in history, type of school, parental education and attitudes towards faith and religious practices. The results of the analysis and their discussion form the basis for recommendations in the application of the proposed scale in future empirical studies.